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Miscellaneous Question and Answer from 'Writing'


1. What is a Sentence? 
Ans: A sentence is a set of words that is complete in itself, typically containing a subject and predicate, conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command, and consisting of a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses.
2. What is simple sentence?
Ans: Simple sentence is a sentence consisting of only one clause, with a single subject and predicate.
3. What is a compound sentence?
Ans: A compound sentence is a sentence that has at least two independent clauses joined by a comma, semicolon or conjunction.
4. What is the subject in a sentence? 
Ans: The subject in a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being something.
5. What is noun clause?
Ans: A noun clause is a dependent clause that functions as a noun.
6. What is an adjective clause?
Ans: An adjective clause is a dependent clause that, like an adjective, modifies a noun or pronoun.
7. How many punctuation marks are used in English?
Ans: About 13 punctuation markers are used in English.
8. Give four commonly used punctuation marks. [NU 2014, 2018]
Ans: Four commonly used punctuation marks are period (.), comma (,), question mark (?) and mark of exclamation (!).
9. Give a list of punctuation marks. 
Ans: Punctuation marks are the period (.), question mark (?), exclamation point (!), comma (,), semicolon (;), colon (:), dash (-), hyphen (—), parentheses (( )), brackets ({ }), braces ([ ]), apostrophe (‘), quotation marks (“ “), and ellipsis (…).
10. What are transitions?
Ans: Transitions are phrases or words used in paragraphs or sections of a text or speech to connect one idea to the next.
11. What are discourse markers?
Ans: Discourse markers are words or phrases that play the role of managing the flow and structure of discourse. These are words like 'however', 'although', 'nevertheless, etc.
12. What do you mean by executive summary? 
Ans: An executive summary is a short document or section of a document, produced for business purposes, that summarizes a longer report or proposal in such a way that readers can rapidly become acquainted with a large body of material without having to read it all.
13. What is a story?
Ans: A story is a short prose writing where fictional characters and incident(s) are described to entertain the readers.
14. What is description?
Ans: Description is additional narration that translates images and other visual information into spoken words so that people can easily access, enjoy, and learn from them.
15. What is a formal style?
Ans: A formal style is the style used in academic and business purposes. It includes a sophisticated vocabulary, serious tone, objectivity, third person perspective, standard punctuation and standard spelling.
16. What is Language?
Ans: Language is a mode of communication that uses arbitrary signals, such as voice sounds, gestures, and/or written symbols.
17. What is autobiography?
Ans: An autobiography is a piece of writing written by the author himself about his own life and work.
18. What is a tender?
Ans: Tender means the process whereby governments and financial institutions invite bids from service providers for materializing large projects, and provide them with a finite deadline for submitting the bids.
19. What is resolution?
Ans: A resolution is a formal expression of opinion given in a meeting held by the authorities of a formal organization.
20. What is scanning?
Ans: Scanning is a technique used to obtain specific information quickly from a piece of text.
21. What is skimming?
Ans: Skimming is a technique of reading used to identify the main ideas of a text quickly.
22. What is glossary?
Ans: Glossary is a list of technical or special words, used in a particular text, explaining the meaning.
23. What is amplification?
Ans: Amplification means the expansion and clarification of an idea with necessary examples.
24. At least how many persons are needed for a dialogue?
Ans: At least two persons are needed for a dialogue.
25. What is the purpose of a poster?
Ans: The purpose of a poster is to draw the attention of the target audience mainly to advertise an event, to spread propaganda, to show a protest or to communicate a message.
26. What are footnotes? [NU 2018]
Ans: Footnotes are notes placed at the bottom of a page. They cite references or comment on a designated part of the text above it.