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John Donne; Brief-answer Questions

 John Donne

1. Who is Donne?

Ans: Donne is the pre-eminent representative of the metaphysical poets of 17th-century England.

2. What is metaphysical poetry? 

Ans: Metaphysical poetry, a term coined by Samuel Johnson, has its roots in 17th-century England. This type of poetry is witty, ingenious and highly philosophical.

3. Who is the father of metaphysical poets?

Ans: John Donne is the father of metaphysical poets.

4. Define metaphysical wit.

Ans: The metaphysical wit is a sparkling and amusing wit where one can perceive similarity in dissimilarity and where the “most heterogeneous ideas are yoked by violence together”.

5. What is a conceit? [NU 2016]

Ans: Conceit is a figure of speech in which two vastly different objects are likened together with the help of similes or metaphors.

6. What is metaphysical conceit? [NU 2014]

Ans: Metaphysical conceit is a figure of speech in which two dissimilar or far-fetched things /situations are compared. According to Dr. Johnson, metaphysical conceit yokes “the most heterogeneous ideas” by violence together.

7. Write down the main features of metaphysical poetry?

Ans: The main features of metaphysical poetry are abrupt beginning, use of colloquial language, use of wit and conceit, blending of passion and reason, use of hyperbole and imagery, blending of physicality and spirituality etc.