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'Approaches and Methods of Language Teaching' Previous Question- 2015 with Answer



Subject code: 1191

Approaches and Methods of Language Teaching

Time: 4 hours                                                                                                              Marks-80

Part – A

1.   Answer any ten questions:                                                                                     1´10 = 10

a) What is interlanguage?

     Ans : Interlanguage is the type of language produced by second- and foreign- language learners who have not yet reached proficiency. It is a separate linguistic system, clearly different from both the learner's native language and the target language.

b) Define language from the Structural point of view.

     Ans : The structural view sees language as a linguistic system made up of various subsystems: from phonological, morphological, lexical, etc.

c) What is linguistic imperialism?

     Ans : Linguistic imperialism is the imposition of one language on the speakers of other languages.

d) What is ‘critical period’ in learning language by children?

     Ans : A critical period in psychology refers to a specific time during development when the brain is particularly receptive to acquiring a skill or knowledge.

e) How many phrases are there in TBLT?

     Ans : There are three phases in TBLT: pre-task, during task and post-task.

f) What is Schema?

     Ans : Schema is a mental structure of preconceived ideas, a framework representing some aspect of the world, or a system of organizing and perceiving new information.

g) Explain ‘Language Acquisition Device’ (LAD).

     Ans : LAD stands for Language Acquisition Device which is a hypothetical mental capacity which enables an infant to acquire and produce language.                                                                                                

h) What do ‘you mean by ‘lingua franca’?

i) What is skimming and scanning?

     Ans : Skimming refers to the way in which one reads at a faster rate to gain the general idea about the text. Scanning, on the other hand, generally refers to that technique when one looks into the document for searching some specific text.

j) Explain language shift.


k) Define applied linguistics.

     Ans : Applied linguistics is an interdisciplinary field of linguistics which identifies, investigates, and offers solutions to language-related real-life problems.

l) What is pedagogy?



Part – B

Answer any five questions:                                                                                          4 ´ 5 = 20

2. What are the common techniques used in the Audio-Lingual Method of teaching language?

3. Distinguish between approach and method.

4. Discuss the goals of Grammar Translation Method.

5. How can synonyms and antonyms be used in teaching vocabulary?

6. What are the principles of Task-based Language Teaching?

7. Discuss the salient techniques of CLT.

8. Distinguish between ‘acquisition’ and ‘learning’.

9. What is contextual approach? How does it affect pedagogy?


Part – C

Answer any five questions:                                                                                        10 ´ 5 = 50

10 Make a note on the main principles of Behaviourism Theory of Language Acquisition.

11. Discuss the roles of teachers in language classroom.

12 What are the social and psychological factors that play in Acculturation Model of second language development?

13. Elucidate the objectives and key features of Desuggestopedia.

14. What is direct method? How is it different from Grammar Translation Method?

15. Write down the main concerns of Natural Approach Theory in teaching language.

16. What is Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT)? Discuss the types of tasks with special reference to Focused Tasks.

17. Identify and discuss the challenges is implementing CLT in Bangladesh.

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