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'Approaches and Methods of Language Teaching' Previous Question- 2014 with Answer



Subject code: 1180

Approaches and Methods of Language Teaching

Time: 4 hours                                                                                                              Marks-80

Part – A

1.   Answer any ten questions:                                                                                     1´10 = 10

      a.  What is Schema?

           Ans: Schema is a mental structure of preconceived ideas, a framework representing some aspect of the world, or a system of organizing and perceiving new information.

      b.  Define ZPD.

           Ans: ZPD stands for Zone of Proximal Development. It is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help.

      c.  What is an interactive view of language?

           Ans: The interactive view of language is that the way a baby learns a language is both biological and social.

      d.  What does "The Army Method" refer to?

           Ans: 'The Army Method' refers to the Audio-lingual Method.

      e.  What is acquisition learning hypothesis?

           Ans: Acquisition Learning Hypothesis is the first hypothesis of Krashen’s Monitor Model Hypotheses. According to this hypothesis, acquisition is the process of learning a language subconsciously while learning is a conscious process.

      f.  What is the basic rule of the direct method?

           Ans: The basic rule of the direct method is that language should be taught in the target language.

      g.  What is pantomime?

           Ans: Pantomime is a dramatic entertainment, originating in Roman mime, in which performers express meaning through gestures accompanied by music.

      h.  What is role play?

           Ans: Role-play is a speaking activity in which a role is given to one or more members of a group with a purpose to accomplish.

      i.   What is meant by "Content Language Integrated Learning”?

           Ans: "Content Language Integrated Learning” refers to learning a language through cross-curricular contents such as science, history, etc.

      j.  What is "Critical period?

           Ans: A critical period in psychology refers to a specific time during development when the brain is particularly receptive to acquiring a skill or knowledge.

      k.  What do you understand by" Contend Language Integrated Learning?

           Ans: Content language integrated learning is commonly described as a ‘dual focused educational approach in which an additional language is used for the learning and teaching of both content and language’

      l.   In which method pronunciation gets little or no attention?

           Ans: The Grammar-Translation method gets little or no attention to pronunciation.


Part – B

Answer any five questions:                                                                                          4 ´ 5 = 20

2. Distinguish between “intensive” and “extensive” reading.

3. Mention the salient teaching techniques used in the Audio-Lingual Method.

4. What is meant by “tissue rejection” in language teaching methodology?

5. In which situation would the use of the GTM yield success?

6. What are the goals Of the Grammar Translation Method?

7. What are the roles played by the teacher in the Communicative Approach?

8. Write a short note on the techniques and strategies of developing vocabulary.

9. What are the fundamental differences between the Audio-Lingual Method and the Direct Method?


Part – C

Answer any five questions:                                                                                        10 ´ 5 = 50

10. Make a comparative study of the Behaviourist theory and the Mentalist theory of L1 acquisition.

11. Evaluate the role of the Reform Movement in the history of English Language Teaching focusing on the principles of the Reform Movement.

12. Elucidate the limitations of using CLT for language teaching in Bangladesh. Suggest some solutions.

13. What is “post-method pedagogy”? Discuss the strategic framework proposed by B. Kumaravadivelu.

14. What is meant by “Desuggestopedia”? Identify the main principles of “Desuggestopedia” and evaluate their relevance to the mainstream Bangladeshi classrooms.

15. What is Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT)? Discuss the theoretical principles and stages of TBLT.

16. What is a Context-Sensitive Pedagogy? How would you design an appropriate pedagogy for your class?

17. What is Situational, Language Teaching (SLT)? Discuss the approach, design and procedure of situational language teaching.

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