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'Approaches and Methods of Language Teaching' Previous Question- 2017 with Answer



Subject code: 241119

Approaches and Methods of Language Teaching

Time: 4 hours                                                                                                              Marks-80

Part – A

1.   Answer any ten questions:                                                                                     1´10 = 10

(a) What do you mean by ‘lingua franca’?


(b) What do you mean by skimming and scanning?

        Ans: Skimming is reading a text quickly to get a general idea about the text. Scanning is a reading technique used to find specific information quickly.

(c) What is pedagogy?


(d) What is Schema?

      Ans : Schema is a mental structure of preconceived ideas, a framework representing some aspect of the world, or a system of organizing and perceiving new information.

(e) When was ‘CLT’ introduced in Bangladesh?

        Ans: CLT was introduced in Bangladesh in 1990s.

(f) What is ESP?

        Ans : ESP stands for English for Specific Purpose.

(g) What is approach in language teaching?

        Ans : An approach is a set of correlative assumptions dealing with the nature of language and the nature of language learning and teaching. It is the theory following which a method is developed.

(h) What is SLA?

        Ans : SLA stands for Second Language Acquisition.

(i) What is ‘Scaffolding’?

        Ans : In education, scaffolding refers to a variety of instructional techniques used to move students progressively toward stronger understanding and greater independence in the learning process.

 (j) What is the aim of GTM?

        Ans: There are two main goals of GTM. One is to develop students' reading ability to a level where they can read literature in the target language. The other is to develop students' general mental discipline.

 (k) What is meant by LAD?

        Ans : LAD stands for Language Acquisition Device.

 (l) What is PPP Approach?

        Ans : PPP means presentation, production and practice. It is an elegant methodology for teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) to students of all ages and ability levels.


Part – B

Answer any five questions:                                                                                          4 ´ 5 = 20

2. Define language from the functional point of View.

3. Distinguish between ‘acquisition’ and ‘learning’.

4. 'What are the common techniques used in the Audio Llngual Method of teaching language?

5. What are the basic differences between CLT and GTM?

6. What are the goals of Direct Method?

7. What is ‘Critical Period’?

8. Mention a few suggestions for teaching a large class.

9. What are the purposes of teaching vocabulary?


Part – C

Answer any five questions:                                                                                        10 ´ 5 = 50

10. Identify and discuss the challenges in implementing CLT in Bangladesh.

11. What are the merits and demerits of using literature in ELT classroom?

12. Make a note on the main principles of Behaviourism theory in Language Acquisition.

13. Discuss the procedures of the Natural Approach in teaching four skills. What are the four basic stages of SLA mentioned in the Natural Approach?

14. What is T ask-based Language Teaching? Discuss the types of tasks with special reference to Focused Tasks.

15. What is “post-method pedagogy”? Discuss the strategic frame work proposed by Kumaravadivelu.

16. What are the ways of improving writing skill?

17. Discuss the major strategies and techniques of developing vocabulary.

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