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Brief question answer from 'Oedipus Rex' Part-1

Oedipus Rex

by Sophocles

1. Who was Sophocles?
Ans: Sophocles was one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived.
2. Who were the three tragedians of ancient Greece? 
Ans: Sophocles, Aeschylus and Euripides were the three tragedians of ancient Greece. 
3. What is tragedy?
Ans: According to Aristotle, a tragedy is the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself; in appropriate and pleasurable language. 
4. What is a tragic hero?
Ans: According to Aristotle, a tragic hero is a great man who is neither too good nor too bad, who has a hamartia in his or her character, who suffers misfortune because of that hamartia and evokes pity and fear among the audience. 
5. Who is the tragic hero in Oedipus the King? 
Ans: The tragic hero of Oedipus the King is Oedipus, the mythical Greek king of Thebes, who unwittingly killed his father and married his mother.
6. What is the Greek title for the play Oedipus the King?
Ans: Oidipous Tyrannos 
7. What is the Latin title for the play Oedipus the King?
Ans: Oedipus Rex
8. What is Prologue? 
Ans: A prologue is the beginning section of a play, which gives essential key notes on the action of the play.
9. What is parode? 
Ans: Parode is either a side-entrance, or the first song sung by the chorus after its entrance from the side wings.
10. What is exode? 
Ans: Exode is the last section of a play that generally comes after the last song of the chorus.
11. What do you mean by “Hamartia”? [NU 2013]
Ans: Hamartia or tragic flaw is the error of judgment made by the tragic character. It brings about the downfall of the tragic hero.
12. What is the tragic flaw of Oedipus? [NU 2012]
Ans: The tragic flaw of Oedipus is his excessive pride in his knowledge and superior intellectual capability.
13. What is chorus? What functions did it play in Greek tragedies?
Ans: In classical Greek drama, the chorus is a group of actors who provide the audience with necessary background, comment on characters and incidents and predict the future.
14. Who are the chorus in Oedipus Rex? [NU 2011]
Ans: In Oedipus Rex the chorus is a group of elder citizens of Thebes.
15. What is the setting of the play Oedipus Rex?
Ans: The play Oedipus Rex is set in front of the Palace of Thebes.

16. What was the meaning of the word “Oedipus’? [NU 2011]
Ans: The meaning of the word “Oedipus’ is “swollen-foot”. 
17. What is the meaning of the word ‘Rex’?
Ans: The meaning of the word "Rex" is “king”.
18. What was "the Pythian House of Apollo”?
Ans: "The Pythian House of Apollo” was the temple at Delphi.
19. Who was the founder of Thebes?
Ans: The founder of Thebes was Cadmus.
20. Who was Jocasta? [NU 2018]
Ans: Jocasta was the wife of Laius, sister of Creon and the biological mother of Oedipus.
21. Who is Creon?
Ans: Creon is the brother of Jocasta and son of Menoeceus.
22. Who was the father of Creon?
Ans: Menoeceus is the father of Creon.
23. Who is Teiresias? [NU 2016]
Ans: Teiresias was the blind prophet. He was a soothsayer.
24. What does Oedipus take pride in?
Ans: Oedipus takes pride in his own knowledge and judgement.
25. Who was 'Dog faced witch'? [NU 2014]
Ans: Sphinx was 'Dog faced witch'.
26. What is Sphinx? [NU 2011, 2015, 2017]
Ans: Sphinx is a creature with the head of a human and the body of a lion. It asks riddle and those who cannot answer its riddle suffer a fate. Oedipus solved the riddle of Sphinx.
27. What shape was the Sphinx?
Ans: The Sphinx was shaped with the head of a human being and the body of a lion.
28. What was the riddle Sphinx asked Oedipus?
Ans: The riddle that Sphinx asked Oedipus was “What is it that walks on four legs in the morning, on two at noon, and on three in the evening?”
29. What gift was Oedipus’ greatness? [NU 2016]
Ans: The gift of riddle solving was Oedipus’ greatness.
30. Who was Laius?
Ans: Laius, father of Oedipus and husband of Jocasta, was a king of the city of Thebes in Greek mythology. He was one of the key figures in founding the city of Thebes.

31. What did Laius look like? [NU 2013]
Ans: Laius looked a lot like Oedipus. He was tall and his hair was gray.
32. Where was Laius killed? [NU 2011]
Ans: Laius was killed by Oedipus at the place called Phocis.
33. Who killed Laius?
Ans: Oedipus killed Laius
34. In what situation did Oedipus kill his father?
Ans: With a view to avoiding the oracle, Oedipus travels to Thebes. On his way he encounters a travelling caravan. Both claim right of way on the path. There is some major road rage among them. Oedipus kills an old man there. That old man turns out to be Laius, his real father.
35. Why wasn't murder of Laius enquired? 
Ans: The murder of Laius wasn’t enquired because at that time Thebes was dominated by the riddle of the Sphinx.
36. What punishment did Oedipus declare on the killer of Laius? [NU 2017]
Ans: The punishment that Oedipus declared on the killer of Laius is banishment from the country.
37. Whom did Oedipus send to the Oracle of Apollo? [NU 2016, 2018]  
Ans: Oedipus sent Creon to the Oracle of Apollo.
38. Who did Jocasta think killed Laius?
Ans: Jocasta thought that a whole group of highwaymen attacked and killed Laius.
39. When, according to Tiresias, did the wise suffer?
Ans: According to Tiresias, the wise suffered when wisdom could not bring profit.
40. Who called Teiresias "Shameless, Brainless, sightless and senseless sot"? 
Ans: Oedipus called Teiresias “Brainless, sightless and senseless sot.”
41. What is Delphic Oracle?
Ans: Delphic Oracle is the oracle of Apollo at Delphi. It is regarded as a source of wise counsel and prophetic opinion. The Delphic Oracle is important for the Theban king.
42. Why was Delphi famous for? [NU 2011, 2014]
Ans: Delphi was famous for its prediction of the future which has accuracy.
43. Why did Oedipus go to Delphic Oracle? 
Ans: Oedipus went to Delphic Oracle to know whether he was the son of Polybus or not.
44. Why did Oedipus flee from Corinth? [NU 2017]
Ans: Oedipus fled from Corinth to avert the oracle that he would kill his father and marry his mother.
45. What truth did the messenger from Corinth disclose?
Ans: The messenger from Corinth disclosed that King Polybus and Queen Merope were not the real parents of Oedipus. They adopted him and brought him up as their son.

46. Who was Queen Merope? 
Ans: Queen Merope was the foster mother of Oedipus. She was the queen of Polybus, the King of Corinth.
47. How old was Oedipus when he was abandoned by his parents?
Ans: Oedipus was three days old when he was abandoned by his parents.
48. Where was the infant Oedipus left? [NU 2015]
Ans: The infant Oedipus was left on Mount Cithaeron.
49. Where was Oedipus brought up?
Ans: Oedipus was brought up in Corinth.
50. Who brought up Oedipus?
Ans: Polybus and Merope brought up Oedipus.
51. Who were the foster parents of Oedipus? [NU 2011]
Ans: Oedipus's foster parents are Polybus, the King of Corinth and Queen Merope.
52. Who was the biological father of Oedipus?
Ans: Laius was the biological father of Oedipus.
53. How many children did Oedipus have?
Ans: Oedipus had two sons and two daughters.
54. Who were the daughters of Oedipus?
Ans: Antigone and Ismene were the daughters of Oedipus.
55. How did Jocasta die? [NU 2013]
Ans: Jocasta died by hanging herself with a rope.
56. What happened to Oedipus?
Ans: At last Oedipus blinded himself.
57. How did Oedipus blind himself? 
Ans: Oedipus blinded himself with the golden brooches pinned with Jocasta’s dress.
58. Why did Oedipus blind himself? [NU 2018]
Ans. Oedipus blinded himself to intensify his suffering and to avoid looking upon Laius and Jocasta in the underworld. 
58. What did the chorus say at the end of the play 'Oedipus Rex'? [NU 2014]
Ans: At the end of the play 'King Oedipus' the chorus said, “Oedipus, greatest of men, has fallen and so all life is miserable and only death can bring peace”.
59. What is the moral lesson in the play, Oedipus Rex? [NU 2015]
Ans: The moral lesson in the play Oedipus Rex is that one cannot escape fate, no matter how hard one tries.