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'A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms' by Jonathan Swift; Brief-answer Questions

 A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms

by Jonathan Swift

1. What is Houyhnhnm?

Ans: Houyhnhnm is a kind of intelligent horse described in the last part of Jonathan Swift's satire Gulliver's Travels.

2. How did Gulliver reach the country of the Houyhnhnms?

Ans: Gulliver reached the country of the Houyhnhnms by a boat called “Adventure” which was seized by its crew who put Gulliver down on the sea coast.  

3. What are the two race mentioned in part 4 of "Gulliver’s Travels"? [NU 2014]

Ans: The two races mentioned in part IV of 'Gulliver's Travels' are the Yahoos and the Houyhnhnms.

4. Who are the yahoos?

Ans: The yahoos are the human-like creatures that Gulliver first encounters in the Country of the Houyhnhnms. 

5. How did the Houyhnhnms behave with the Yahoos?

Ans: The Houyhnhnms behaved like masters with the Yahoos who were, as if, their slaves.  

6. What did Gulliver inform the master about the causes of wars in England?

Ans: The causes of wars in England as informed by Gulliver to the master are the ambition of princes, the corruption of ministers, difference in opinions etc.

7. What was the loathsome habit of eating of the Yahoos?

Ans: The loathsome habit of eating of the Yahoos was that they ate everything they could get. 

8. How was the nature of female Yahoo in that country?

Ans: A female Yahoo in that country was dominated by extreme sexual desire. 

9. Why did a female Yahoo attack Gulliver during his bathing in the river? [NU 2013] 

Ans: A female yahoo attacked Gulliver during his bathing in the river to gratify her sexual desire.

10. Why did Gulliver buy two young horses?

Ans: Gulliver bought two young Stone-Horses to revive his spirits by mixing and conversing with them, to get their smell and, of course, to avoid the yahoo like humans.

11. What did Gulliver hate most among the human vices?

Ans: Among the human vices, Gulliver hated Pride most.

12. Why did the people of Gulliver’s country drink wine? [NU 2013]

Ans: The people of Gulliver’s country drank wine because it made them merry by putting them out of their senses.

13. How did Gulliver return to England?

Ans: Gulliver returned to England by an English ship.

14. Who are Gulliver’s closest friends after he returns from his time with the Houyhnhnms?

Ans: Gulliver’s closest friends after he returns from his time with the Houyhnhnms are two horses.