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Romantic Age (1798-1832); Brief-answer Questions

 Romantic Age (1798-1832)

1. What is the duration of the 'Romantic Age'?

Ans: The duration of Romantic Age is from 1798 to 1832.

2. What is Romanticism?

Ans: Romanticism is an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of 18th century.

3. Who is called the father of romanticism?

Ans: Jean Jacques Rousseau is called the father of romanticism. (William Wordsworth is the father of Romantic Poetry).

4. Name the characteristics of Romanticism?

Ans: The characteristics of Romanticism are love of nature, love of beauty, love of freedom, love for past or nostalgia, high imagination, subjectivity, supernaturalism, revolutionary zeal, spontaneity of ideas, lyricism, simplicity in expression etc.

5. What is Ballad?

Ans: Ballad is a narrative poem which tells a grave story through dialogue and action. Its language is simple and theme is often tragic.

6. Why is the year 1798 important in the study of romantic poetry? [NU 2015]

Ans: The year 1798 is important in the study of romantic poetry for the publication of “Lyrical Ballads” by William Wordsworth and S. T. Coleridge.

7. What is "Lyrical Ballads"?

Ans: Lyrical Ballads is a collection of poems by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, first published in 1798 and generally considered to have marked the beginning of the English Romantic Revival.

8. Who published The Lyrical Ballads? [NU 2017]

Ans: W. Wordsworth and S.T. Coleridge jointly published The Lyrical Ballads.

9. Which historical movement influenced the English romantic poetry? [NU 2018]

Ans: French Revolution influenced the English romantic poetry. 

10. When did the French Revolution take place? [NU 2016]

Ans: The French Revolution took place during the period from 1789 to 1799.

11. What was the slogan of the French Revolution? [NU 2014, 2017]

Ans: The slogan of the French Revolution was “Liberty, Equality and Fraternity”.

12. Why is romantic age called the age of the return to nature?

Ans: The romantic age is called the age of the return to nature because the poets of this age departed from neo-classical tradition of social criticism and showed love for nature. 

13. Who were the major poets of the 'Romantic Age'?

Ans: The major poets of the 'Romantic Age' are William Blake, William Wordsworth, S.T Coleridge, P.B. Shelley, Lord Byron and John Keats.

14. Name two romantic poets who died in the prime of life.

Ans: Keats and Shelley are the two romantic poets who died in the prime of life.

15. Who was the youngest of the romantic poets?

Ans: Keats was the youngest of the romantic poets.

16. What is Hyperion?

Ans: Hyperion is an abandoned epic poem by John Keats

17. Why is Keats called an escapist?

Ans: Keats is called an escapist because he has a tendency to escape from the hard realities of life and go to an ideal world of happiness, beauty, music and imagination through poetry.

18. What is the meaning of Keats' phrase 'negative capability?

Ans: The meaning of Keats' phrase 'negative capability’ is the avoidance of manifestation of the artist’s own personality in his work.

19. What is Hellenism?

Ans: Hellenism is the imitation of ancient Greek language, thought, custom, art, style etc.

20. Who is called the pure poet?

Ans: John Keats is called the pure poet.

21. What is "Adonais"?

Ans: “Adonais” is a pastoral elegy written by Percy Bysshe Shelley for commemorating the death of John Keats in 1821.

22. Why is Shelley called mythmaker?

Ans: Shelley is called mythmaker because of his attribution of human qualities to nature and natural elements.

23. Why is Shelley called a revolutionary poet?

Ans: Shelley is called a revolutionary poet because he was an individualist and idealist who rejected the institutions of family, church, marriage and the Christian faith and rebelled against all forms of tyranny. 

24. Who are called Lake District poets? [NU 2017]

Ans: The poets who lived in the Lake District of England at the turn of the nineteenth century are called Lake District poets. William Wordsworth, S.T Coleridge and Robert Southey are the three main figures among them.

25. Who defined poetry as ‘spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings’? [NU 2016]

Ans: William Wordsworth defined poetry as the ‘spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings’.

26. What is pantheism?

Ans: Pantheism is a belief that God is present in in everything and every being of this universe.

27. What is the full title of Wordsworth's poem 'Tintern Abbey'?

Ans: The full title of Wordsworth's poem 'Tintern Abbey' is “Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey, on Revisiting the Banks of the Wye During a Tour, July 13, 1798.

28. When was “The Preface to the Lyrical Ballads” published? [NU 2013]

Ans: The Preface to the Lyrical Ballads was written by William Wordsworth in 1800 and enlarged with the second edition of the Lyrical Ballads in 1802.

29. Who is called a poet of dream?

Ans: S.T Coleridge is called the poet of dream.

30. Which romantic poem is known as a dream poem?

Ans: The poem, “Kubla Khan” is known as a dream poem.

31. Who is Kubla Khan?

Ans: Kubla Khan was the grandson of Genghis Khan. He was the first emperor of Yuan dynasty.

32. What supernatural elements do you find in Coleridge's poem?

Ans: “Death” and “Life-in-Death” in ‘The Rime of the Ancient Mariner’ and “demon lover” in “Kubla Khan” are some of the supernatural elements in Coleridge's poem.

33. What is "Biographia Literaria?

Ans: “Biographia Literaria” is a critical work on literature by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It was published in 1817 in two volumes.

34. Who is Jane Austen? 

Ans: Jane Austen was an English female novelist whose works include Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Mansfield Park, Emma, Northanger Abbey, and Persuasion.