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'Ode to a Nightingale' by John Keats; Brief-answer Questions

Ode to a Nightingale

1. What is the theme of the poem “Ode to a Nightingale”?
Ans: The main theme of "Ode to a Nightingale" is negative capability and its power to aid the speaker in his transcendence of mortal pain and grief.
2. Why does Keats heart ache?
Ans: Keats’ heart aches because of excessive joy caused by hearing the song of the nightingale.
3. What is hemlock?
Ans: Hemlock is a highly poisonous European plant with a purple-spotted stem, fernlike leaves, small white flowers, and an unpleasant smell.
4. What is Dryad?
Ans: A Dryad is a tree nymph or a tree spirit in Greek mythology.
5. What is vintage?
Ans: Vintage is a high quality wine. 
6. Who is Flora?
Ans: Flora is naturally occurring indigenous plant life. 
7. What is Provencal song? [NU 2018]
Ans: Provencal song is the song of the bards of the southern district of France called Provence.
8. What is Hyppocrene?
Ans: In Greek mythology, Hippocrene is a spring on Mount Helicon. It was sacred to the Muses and formed by the hooves of Pegasus.
9. What is Palsy?
Ans: Palsy means paralysis. 
10. How does the poet want to fly with the Nightingale?
Ans: The poet wants to fly with the nightingale “on the viewless wings of Poesy”.
11. Who is Bacchus?
Ans: Bacchus, a Roman god of wine and debauchery, is synonymous with the Greek Dionysus.
12. Who carried away Bacchus' Chariot?
Ans: Leopards carried away Bacchus' Chariot.
13. What does the phrase "starry Fays" mean?
Ans: By the phrase "starry Fays", Keats actually wants to mean fairy like stars that cluster around the moon. 
14. Why cannot the poet see the flowers?
Ans: The poet cannot see the flowers because of the prevalent darkness in the forest during a moonlit night.
15. What flower is termed as "mid-May's eldest child"?
Ans: Musk-rose is termed as "mid-May's eldest child". 
16. Why does death seem rich to Keats?
Ans: Death seems rich to Keats because he thinks that if he dies in the midst of the song of the nightingale, it will bring him great happiness.  
17. What is requiem?
Ans: Requiem is a song of mourning or a mass celebrated for the repose of the souls of the dead.
18. Who is Ruth?
Ans: According to the Bible, Ruth was a Moabite woman who married into an Israelite family and eventually converted to Judaism.
19. Which particular word brings Keats back from the world of his imagination?
Ans: The particular word that brings Keats back from the world of his imagination is “Forlon”.
20. Why does the poet call fancy a "deceiving elf"?
Ans: The poet calls fancy a “deceiving elf” because of its inability to make us forget the hard realities of life. 
21. Quote the last two lines of Keats’ 'Ode to a Nightingale'.
Ans: “Was it a vision, or a waking dream? 
. Fled is that music:—Do I wake or sleep?”