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Modern Age (1901-1939); Brief-answer Questions

Modern Age (1901-1939)

1. When does the Modern Age begin in English literature? [NU 2013]

Ans: The Modern Age in English literature begins shortly after the beginning of the twentieth century. 

2. What is Modernism?

Ans: Modernism is a revolt against the conservative values of realism. It is a style of art, architecture and literature which follows modern thought, character and practice.

3. Who is called the earliest of the great moderns?

Ans: Chaucer is called the earliest of the great moderns.

4. Who is the father of modern drama?

Ans: Henrik Johan Ibsen is the father of modern drama. 

5. What is the first modern novel in English?

Ans: Pamela is the first modern novel in English by Samuel Richardson.

6. Who are the dominant poets of Modern age? [NU 2018]

Ans: T.S. Eliot, W.B. Yeats, Ezra Pound and Auden are the dominant poets of Modern age.

9. When was the Georgian poetry published?

Ans: The Georgian poetry was published between the years 1912 and 1922.

10. Who are called Georgian poets?

Ans: The poets belonging to the reign of King George V (1910) are called Georgian poets. The poets generally included in this group are W. H Davis, John Drinkwater, W. Gibson, John Masefild, Harold Monro, Walter De la Mare, Hodgson, D. H Lawrence and some others.

11. Which country was G. B. Shaw born in?

Ans: G.B. Shaw was born in Ireland.

12. What is "Drama of Ideas"? [NU 2015]

Ans: "Drama of Ideas" is a type of play in which battle of conflicting ideas is presented through the characters.

13. Whose drama is called drama of ideas?

Ans: Shavian drama (George Bernard Shaw’s drama) is called drama of ideas.   

14. Who popularized the Comedy of Ideas?

Ans: G B Shaw popularized the Comedy of Ideas.

15. Who is Maud Gonne?

Ans: Maud Gonne is an Irish revolutionary whom W. B. Yeats loved.

16. Name two Irish poets. 

Ans: William Butler Yeats and William Morris are two of the Irish poets. 

17. What was the national identity of W.B Yeats? [NU 2015]

Ans: W.B Yeats was an Irish.

18. When did W.B. Yeats get Nobel Prize?

Ans: W.B. Yeats got Nobel Prize in 1923. 

19. What is "Abbey Theatre"?

Ans: "Abbey Theatre" is Ireland’s National Theatre. It first opened its doors to the public on 27 December 1904.

20. What is “The Waste Land”?

Ans: ‘The Waste Land’ is a great poem written by T.S. Eliot.

22. Name a play by TS Eliot.

Ans: The Rock is a famous pageant play by TS Eliot.

23. Name two critical essays of T. S. Eliot? [NU 2014]

Ans: “Tradition and the Individual Talent” and “Hamlet and His Problems” are the two critical essays of T.S Eliot.

24. What is 'A Passage to India'?

Ans: ‘A Passage to India’ is a novel written by E.M Forster.

25. Who wrote A Passage to India?

Ans: E.M Foster wrote A Passage to India. 

26. Name the different parts of "A Passage to India"?

Ans: "A Passage to India" is divided into three parts: "Mosque," "Cave," and "Temple”.

27. What is Absurd Drama? [NU 2014]

Ans: Absurd Drama refers to a kind of drama that presents the meaninglessness of human existence on earth.  

28. What is stream of consciousness? [NU 2014]

Ans: Stream of consciousness refers to the continuous flow of thoughts in the conscious mind. It is a literary technique that attempts to represent the inner workings of a character’s mind.

29. Mention some novels in which stream of consciousness technique has been used?

Ans: ‘Sons and Lovers’ by D. H. Lawrence, ‘Ulysses’ by James Joyce, ‘Mrs. Dalloway’ by Virginia Woolf are some novels in which stream of consciousness technique has been used.

30. Name two novels written by D.H. Lawrence. 

Ans: Sons and Lovers, The Rainbow are two of the novels written by D.H. Lawrence. 

31. What is Expressionism?

Ans: Expressionism is a movement in the arts during the early 1900s emphasizing alteration of external reality in order to express the artist’s subjective experience.

32. Who are expressionist writers?

Ans: Eugene O'Neill, Elmer Rice, Tennessee Williams, Arthur Miller, Samuel Beckett and so on are expressionist writers. They presented the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas.

33. What is Imagism?

Ans: Imagism is a movement in early 20th century Anglo-American poetry that favored precision of imagery and clear, sharp language.

34. What is Imperialism?

Ans: Imperialism is a policy of extending country’s power and influence through diplomacy or military force.

35. Write the characteristics of Naturalism.

Ans: Portrayal of the darker aspects of life like misery, corruption, vice, disease, poverty, prostitution, racism, and violence, pessimistic attitude to life, the author’s detachment and disinterested point of view etc. are some of the characteristics of Naturalism.

36. Write the names of American Realist writers.

Ans: Horatio Alger, Jr., Stephen Crane, William Dean Howells, Mark Twain, Sam. R. Watkins and so on are American Realist writers.

37. What is Gunpowder plot? [NU 2018]

Ans: Gunpowder plot was a plan to kill King James I of England and VI of Scotland on November 5, 1605. The plot was organized by Robert Catesby.