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Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Non-fictional Prose

2013
English
[According to the New Syllabus]
Subject Code: 1174
(Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Non-fictional Prose)
Time----4 hours Full marks---80

Part A

(Answer any ten of the following questions in complete sentence)

Marks---1x10=10

(a) Why did Bacon compare truth to a pearl?

      Ans: Bacon compares truth to a pearl because it is best shown in broad day light. 

(b) What is the most ordinary cause of single life?

      Ans:  The most ordinary cause of a single life is personal liberty.

(c) What was the name of the periodical started by Steele in 1709?

      Ans: The name of the periodical started by Richard Steele in 1709 was the Tatler.

(d) What is censorship?

(e) Who was the famous biographer of Samuel Johnson?

      Ans: James Boswell was the famous biographer of Samuel Johnson.

(f) Who was Martin-V?

(g) To what does Addison compare ‘Paradise Lost’?

(h) What, according to Milton, is real virtue?

(i) What Pindaric Odes did Cowley paraphrase?

      Ans: Cowley paraphrased Olympick Ode and Nemaean Ode.

(j) Who are the metaphysical poets?

      Ans:  According to Johnson, the metaphysical Poets were a group of 17th-century British poets including John Donne, George Herbert, Richard Crashaw, Andrew Marvell and Henry Vaughan.

(k) Who wrote the book The Advancement of Learning?

      Ans:  Francis Bacon wrote the book ‘The Advancement of Learnings’.

(l) When and where did the East India Company set its trading posts in India?

      Ans:  The East India Company set its first Trading posts in Surat in 1619, Madras in 1639, Bombay in 1668, and Calcutta in 1690. Another source says that the first factory of British East India Company was established in Masulipatnam in 1611.

 

Part-B

(Answer any five of the following questions)

Marks-4x5=20

 

2. How does Addison conclude his essay “On the Scale of Being"?

3. How does Milton describe the co-existence of good and evil?

4. ‘Planting of countries is like planting of wood’-Why are countries compared to wood?

5. How does Sir Roger exercise his authority in the church?

6. Why was Cowley censured for his comedy ‘Guardian’?

7. Write a short note on ‘Aphorism’.

8. Explain with reference to context: ‘And therefore it was well said that it is impossible to love and be wise’.

9. What was the Company’s policy regarding revenue collection?

 

Part-C

10. Write a note on Addition’s use of irony as a stylistic device.

11. Write a note on Edmund Burke’s prose style with special reference to ‘Speech on East India Bill.’

12. Areopagitica is both topical and universal. Discuss.

13. Comment on the aphoristic style of Bacon illustrating your answer from the essays you have read.

14. How does Burke criticize Hastings and his lieutenants in his speech “On the East India Bill”?

15. What do you think are the strengths and weaknesses of Johnson’s criticism as evidenced in his “Life of Cowley”?

16. Write a-note on Bacon’s personal View with reference to his essays (i) Of 'Love; (ii) ‘Of Marriage and Single Life’.

17. What are the epic qualities found in the ‘Davideis’?

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