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Short reading comprehension passages with questions and answers- 5


(Brief-answer Questions)

Reading – I

5. Read the following composition attentively and answer any five of the questions:

Exports are either raw materials or manufactured goods. Raw materials are products of the land, such as cotton, timber or rubber. Some raw materials such as iron come from mines. These raw materials are often exported by the countries that produce them to other countries where they are made into manufactured goods.

Some countries produce food for export, for example meat, sugar, or cereals such as wheat and maize. These countries are agricultural countries. An agricultural country needs fertile land and a good climate. A cold, wet climate is not suitable for agriculture.

A country which produces manufactured goods is known as an industrialised country. An industrialised country cannot always produce enough food for its own needs. In this case it does not export foodstuffs, of course. It has to import them. It relies on exports of manufactured products and pays for imports with the money it earns from the exported goods.

              a) No country can export manufactured goods.
           Ans: False
      b) An industrialised country exports only food.
           Ans: False
      c) Cereals and meat are foodstuffs.
           Ans:  True
      d) Cereals do not grow well on fertile land.
           Ans: False
      e) Industrialised countries always produce enough food for their needs.
           Ans: False

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